Lesotho, one of the smallest countries in Africa. Remarkable in that it is surrounded on all sides by the territory of one country - South Africa. The country's climate is quite severe, which is not typical for this latitude. The state is at a considerable height - minimum mark a mile above sea level , the maximum three and a half miles. Because of this, Lesotho called " Celestial Kingdom". Summer there is pretty cool . Snow in the mountains lay permanently, temperatures up to - 17 degrees , and even in the lowlands is cold.Mainstay of the economy is the mining of diamonds. There are 17 kimberlite pipes on the territory, two of which are among the ten largest in the world. There extracted high percentage of gem quality diamonds .
The main tourist attraction in Lesotho is a ski resort «Afriski» (« African Ski "), built in 2005. It is located in the mountains of Maluti at an altitude 3300 m.
Most of all, European skiers come there from late May to mid-September. The resort is well equipped with different slopes and decent hotels .
However , Lesotho is one of the toughest places to live in the world , mainly due to the widest prevalence of AIDS (there infected 30 % of the populatio , according to the latest UN projections). The average life expectancy here has dropped to 37 years.