Monday, December 26, 2011

This cashmere

Cashmere is a mountain goat down (undercoat). The word cashmere came from the name of the province on the border between India and Pakistan, which was originally grown, these goats. The air temperature there can range from -40 to 40 degrees. It is a sharply continental climate led to the formation of local goats particular hair with a double layer: softest down inside and Kemp at the top. These goats are not cut, but combed during molting.

Each goat received only 100-150 grams of fluff, but this is enough for a scarf ... for sweaters need down with 2 or 3 animals. From weaving down a very thin thread, if a human hair has a thickness of 50 microns, the quality cashmere yarn - 16 microns!

Large shawl made of wool produced in Kashmir (North India) since the XV century. In Europe, these scarves brought Napoleon Bonaparte from the Egyptian campaign as a gift to his wife Josephine de Beauharnais. It perfectly complements fashionable at the time of the finest muslin dresses with high waist. We must assume that not only amazingly beautiful ornaments and soft boosted the popularity of these shawls, but also the fact that Empire-style dresses were, despite their appealing lightness and transparency is very cold.
The climate of Paris is still somewhat different from the climate of ancient Greece, whose fashion imitated the French at that time. Doctors pleaded disable this mode, offering the ladies to go to the Pere Lachaise cemetery and see how pretty anemones died because of it - from a cold. However, women who did not want to part with seductive clothes, easier to fix the problem and began to warm up with warm shawls. In many portraits of the time you can see fine examples of this accessory.

In the middle of the XIX century, all jealous of the French Empress Eugenie - her shawls were so thin that took place in a ring which she wore on the thumb. In the last century the fashion of Chanel cashmere back, and then - Grace Kelly, with its famous knitwear twos. Popular this stuff and now: a hypoallergenic, soft, and even 8 times warmer than sheep's wool!

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